I truly believe in fully inclusive lessons, and although I hate the term ‘thinking outside the box’, this is the best way I can think of to describe how it is possible to adapt resources to suit ALL. I understand what its like to teach a class of students that range from P3ii to P8 or NC1 and yes it is hard, but it is possible – you just have to be inventive! Here are my top tips:
- Where possible, appeal to all but don’t forget the individual; if you have a student who loves Thomas the Tank Engine, include this in your counting activities. You could count how many trains you can find in the sand, stick numbers on the trains and line them up, put coloured dots on the train and match them to the corresponding number…the possibilities are endless!
- Use objects and sensory materials; you can work on exploring through materials in a range of lessons, maths can be taught through cooking and science can be taught outside in water trays. I was once faced with the challenge of teaching maths in the hydro pool…I managed to find some bargain ‘pool noodles’ in the pound shop and decided they would be perfect for teaching long and short. We also put loads of balls in the pool and did a race to fill big clear bowls which we then used to teach ‘more’ and ‘less’ (double laminate and tape symbols!). Some students could be asked to find the shortest from a choice of 5, others can match by colour and others could use other objects to find the tallest object.
- Adapt for all types of communication; it may be time consuming to begin with, but it really is important to adapt activities to suit all forms of communication and ability levels. This may include picture to word match, picture to picture match, picture to photo match or picture to photo match! Here is how to make ONE resource but include all the above options…
These can be used for ANY subject for a range of ability and communication levels.
This example is for a maths lesson.
- Start by laminating A4 sheet with numbers on half the page.
- Laminate pictures (2 per A4 sheet).
- Laminate second sheet of numbers and cut out, add velcro to transferable numbers and opposite velcro to A4 sheet.
- Hole punch pages and add treasury tags OR bind.
This resources is available here to print and make up: How Many Adaptive Book
I have also produced this to go alongside ‘What the Ladybird Heard’ book. I have left the squares blank, this can be made into a matching word, picture, photo or symbol resource. Adaptive book I see animals – ladybird